The US Dollar is the most common currency that is commonly quoted in trade across the globe. It is one of the most popular currencies in the world. However, there are several other currencies that are actually not affected by the US Dollar movements in the forex market. These currencies may not be as popular as the US Dollar; nevertheless, they hold their own importance and are backed by several factors in their own countries that make them hold their ground strongly, in case of Dollar fluctuations.
European Union decided to have its own currency in 1999 and introduced it in the forms of coins and notes by the year 2002. Since then, the Euro has been one of the strongest contenders against the US Dollar. The EU consists of Austria, Belgium, Greece, Germany, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. Socialist countries, which are also the largest countries of EU, hold the reigns of government budget deficits. The ECB or the European Central Bank is the lead bank that decides the monetary policies and aims to keep a check on inflation rather than keeping a check on economic contraction. The ECB has kept steady interest rates in past when there had been an economic slow down. Thus interest rates or adjustments in Euro exchange rates are less frequent.
The Japanese Yen:
Japan is a net importer of goods. However, the US and Europe are its major customer for its machinery and other production. Japan especially needs crude oil to keep its economic machinery running like clockwork. Bank of Japan faced one of the major deflationary crises in 1990s when it was compelled to switch to zero interest policy. At this time, Yen experienced the carry trade – when an entity buys a currency at zero interest rate and parks it in another account with high interest rates. In 1990s, the US treasury bonds and German bunds witnessed many such transactions. This means that the Japanese Yen shall always trade lower against the Euro and US Dollar which gives Yen/Euro trade as a viable pair. The only contention offered to this trade is the Chinese Yuan. China is one of the biggest competitors of Japan. Since china also artificially floats its currency, it may weaken the Yen’s value eventually.
The British Pound:
Britain has oil production in North Sea which can influence its economy. This means that Britain has energy reserves and thus, whenever the oil prices have gone high in past, so has the British pound. However, Britain has been experiencing a net increase in its demand for natural gas which has made it as a net importer of natural gas. This means that if there are any outrageous price spikes in the commodity, it would lead Britain to economic exposure. If oil prices start to head north rapidly, Bank of England may need to keep inflation in check and consumer spending may be severely affected. The British pound is also susceptible to strengthening of European currency. Thus, trading Euro with Pound can be quite a liquid trading relationship.
The Canadian Dollar
It is also referred to as "the Loonie" as it has the bird, huard, on its coin. Loony is the French for huard. Bank of Canada is country’s central bank that dictated the monetary policies for the nation. It holds eight meetings in a year to decide upon the interest rates policy. Canada is also world’s second largest reserve for crude oil with more than 175 billion barrels of reserves. The US is its main customer and if there is an increase in the oil prices, they would further strengthen the Canadian Dollar.
The Swiss Franc
It is commonly known as the "the Swissy". It is one currency that is capable of outperforming the Euro if there is dissention between the EU members. It is backed by gold thus is considered one of the safest currencies. Inflation, economic contraction, political stability and excessive economic growth are some of the factors that affect performance of the Swissy.
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